IMG archive

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GTA's most commonly used archive files are known by the extension .img. They have a very simple format and currently exist in multiple versions.

Contents

Structure

Version 1 - GTA III & VC

Version 1 archives used in GTA III and Vice City, are actually split up into two files: the content directory (.dir) and the actual archive (.img).

The directory is a list of files each with name, offset and size of the file. The values for offset and size have to be multiplied by 2048, since files are aligned to 2 KB boundaries. This means that even a file with only 123 byte content will take up 2 KB in the archive. Files are stored (usually) unsorted, uncompressed and linear (no directory tree).

First you have to find out the number of entries (n). Just divide the filesize of the .dir file by 32 and you will get it.

There is no Header, like in V2 (San Andreas) Files!

Entry: (repeated n times)
4 byte - DWORD - offset of file inside archive (in blocks) 4 byte - DWORD - size of file (in blocks) 24 byte - CHAR[24] - name of file

The .img file itself has no special structure or header, just all the files in 2 KB blocks.

This format was also used in the PC version of Bully: Scholarship Edition.

Version 2 - GTA SA

Version 2 archives, introduced with GTA San Andreas, combine .dir and .img files into one .img file. The directory has the same format as in version 1, but is located at the beginning of the archive. Files are again aligned to 2 KB boundaries. File offsets are relative to the start of the whole archive, not to the end of the file list.

Header

Size of 8 bytes

4 byte - CHAR[4]	- “VER2” always
4 byte - DWORD		- Number of files on list (n) 

Entry

Size of 32 bytes

 4 byte - DWORD 	- File offset, in blocks
 2 byte - WORD		- Size, second priority in blocks
 2 byte - WORD		- Size, first priority in blocks
24 byte - CHAR[24]	- File name (0x00) terminated.  

If Size First Priority is NOT zero, it will be used as file size, else Size Second Priority will be used.

A major drawback of this format is the complicated extendability. If you have to add many files, it might happen that you run out of space for the directory, and have to move the first file(s) to the end.

Binary IPL files

Groups of binary IPL such as (countn2_stream0.ipl, countn2_stream1.ipl, countn2_stream0.ipl, countn2_stream3.ipl ...) have to be stored in continuous space in IMG archive, otherwise game will crash when loading. If countn2_stream0.ipl is on position 2048 and it takes 4096 bytes, then countn2_stream1.ipl must be on position 6144. If countn2_stream1.ipl was on position 8192 for instance and 6144 to 8192 bytes contained some random data then a game will crash during loading (about 55%).

Version 3 - GTA IV

GTA IV introduced yet another .img file format. Not only the format is new, also there can be encrypted archive headers (see below). The internal IMG parser of the game works with 2 kb buffers, which means that the 2 kb bounds from earlier versions (blocks) are still present, yet optional.

IMG Header

The header of an unencrypted file always has a size of 20 bytes.

4 byte - DWORD      - Identifier (0xA94E2A52 if the archive is not encrypted)
4 byte - DWORD      - Version (always 3, if not the format would be differ)
4 byte - DWORD      - Number of Items
4 byte - DWORD      - Table Size (in bytes)
2 byte - WORD       - Size of Table Items (needs to be always 0x10)
2 byte - WORD       - Unknown

IMG Table

The table holds information about the items. Each item header has a size of 16 bytes .

4 byte - DWORD      - Itemsize (in bytes)
4 byte - DWORD      - Resource type
4 byte - DWORD      - Offset (in blocks)
2 byte - WORD       - Used Blocks
2 byte - WORD       - Padding

Item Names' length will be calculate as :

Table Size - (Number of Items * Item Size)

Next that string will be split by '\x0'

A resource type is identified by the 4b DWORD value:

  • 0x01: Generic
  • 0x08: Texture archive
  • 0x20: Bounds
  • 0x6E: Model file
  • 0x24: xpfl

Encryption

The header and directory (table) of IMG archives can be encrypted. This is usually the case if the 4 byte identifier at the start of the file seems invalid. Decryption is done via 16 repetitions of AES-128 in ECB mode.

Additional archives

It is possible to add additional IMG archives to the current default ones. The following examples are lines that can be added anywhere in either the default.dat or gta*.dat files.

GTA III Vice City CDIMAGE MODELS\FOO.IMG
San Andreas IMG MODELS\FOO.IMG

Where FOO can be any name. The FOO.IMG (and FOO.DIR for GTA III and Vice City) must be created and placed within the ..\models folder in these examples. This method is primarily used for modifying version 2 of San Andreas, as well as for storing assets (models/textures/etc.) used in total conversions.

By default GTA San Andreas is able to load max of 8 archives (3 standard archives gta3.img, gta_int.img, player.img and 5 archives defined within default.dat or gta.dat). GTA VC is able to load max of 8 archives (one archive is hard-coded to be loaded - gta3.img) too. Using more than 8 archives crashes the game, although this can be fixed with fastman92's IMG Limit Adjuster.

Tools

GTA III Vice City ImgEd – by Dan Strandberg
GTA III Vice City San Andreas GTA 4 IMG Manager – by xmen
San Andreas GTA Net GTAGarage: Spark – by aru
GTA III Vice City San Andreas IMG Tool – by Spooky
GTA III Vice City San Andreas G-IMG – by REspawn
GTA III Vice City San Andreas GTA Net GTAForums: fastman92 IMG Console – by fastman92
Vice City San Andreas GTA Net GTAForums: IMG & Stream Limit Adjuster – by fastman92
GTA LCS GTA VCS Post.png GTAForums: GTA Stories IMG Tool – by HackMan128
GTA 4 SparkIV – by aru
GTA 4 OpenIV – by GooD-NTS
GTA 4 Shadow-Mapper – by Prince-Link

Libraries

Version 2 only

Version 3 only

v · d · e
GTA 4 Grand Theft Auto IV
File Formats.dat.gxt.ide.img.ipl.nod.sco.rpf.rrr.wad.wbd/.wbn.wdd.wdr.wft.whm.wpl.wtd
DocumentationAudioBink VideoCryptographyCutscenesImage listingMap ListingNative functionsPathsScenariosSavesVTableWeapons
ToolsASI LoaderENBSeriesG-TextureGIMSIV NeedleOpenIVScoclSparkIVXLiveLessWPL ManagerX Mod Installer
AliceC++ Script Hook.NET Script Hook
TutorialsImporting Textures with OpenIVImporting Textures with SparkIV
MultiplayerFour MultiplayerIV MultiplayerIV:Online
ModificationsGTA 3 HD RageGTA Vice City RageIV:SAGostown IV
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San Andreas Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas
File Formats.col.cfg.cut.dff.dat.fxp.gxt.ide.ifp.img.iplnodes*.dat.rep.rrr.scm.set.txd
DocumentationAudioCryptographyCutscenesGame memoryHandling.cfgMap ListingMission PacksOpcodesPathsReplaysSavesScripts
ToolsCLEOCollision File Editor IIENBSeriesG-ToolsIMG ToolLimit AdjusterMap EditorSan Andreas Audio ToolkitSanny BuilderTXD Workshop
TutorialsSan Andreas v2.0 ModdingHow to create a missionHow to create a threadHow to use Map Editor
ModificationsDesign Your Own MissionGostown ParadiseGTA: UnitedMyriad Islands
MultiplayergtaTournamentMulti Theft AutoSan Andreas Multiplayer(more...)
Useful linksCommunity portalDiscussion forumsMods on GTAGarage.comOpcodes database
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